History of Sub Continent Freedom Struggle from 712 Part 1
Indian & PAKISTAN STUDIES
HISTORY OF SUB-CONTINENT /
FREEDOM STRUGGLE & IMPORTANT EVENTS FROM 712 TO 2010.Encyclopedia Indian History,Ancient Empires of Sub Continent India,Year Wise History of Indian Sub Continent.
Freedom Struggle and Important Events. History of India from 712 AD. A Chronological Timeline from 712 to War of Independence of India and Pakistan.
712: Muhammad Bin Qasim, the first Muslim Commander entered India as conqueror.
1000: First invasion of Sultan Mahmood of Ghazni in subcontinent.
1026: 17th attack of Sultan Muhammood Ghazni on India.
1026: Somnat temple was destroyed by Muhammood Ghazni.
1030: Death of Sultan Mahmood Ghazni.
1035: Ali Makhdum Hajweri popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh came to India with Sultan Masud of Gazni.
1192: Sultan Mohammed Ghori defeated Prithvi Raj at the second battle of Tarain and founded the Muslim rule in India.
1196: Death of Sultan Mohammad Ghori.
1206: The slave Dynasty was found in India First Islamic state was established in India and Qatub-ud-din Aibek became the first ruler of Islamic state of India.
1210: Death of Qatub-ud-Din Aibek during playing polo.
1290: End of Slave Dynasty in India.
1290: The Khilji Dynasty was founded in India.
1320: End of Khilji Dynasty in India.
1320: The Thughlaq Dynasty was founded in India.
1389: Taimurlane invaded India.
1414: End of Tughlaq Dynasty in India.
1414: Beginning of Saddat Dynasty in India.
1451: End of Saddat Dynasty in India.
1451: The Lodhi Dynasty was founded in India.
1494: Accession of Babur in Fraghana.
1498: First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India (discovery of seas route to India via the Cape of Good Hope).
1526: First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur.
1527: Battle of Khanwa—Babur defeated Rana Sanga.
1530: Death of Babur and accession of Humayun.
1539: Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India’s emperor.
1545: Death of Sher Shah Suri.
1555: Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi.
1556: Second Battle of Panipat was fought between Hemubikal and Akbar.
1564: Hazrat Mujadid Alf Sani whose real name was Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi was born.
1576: Battle of Haldighati-Rana Partab defeated by Akbar.
1582: Din-e-Ilahi founded by Akbar.
1600: East India Company established.
1605: Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir.
1616: First Ambassadar of England Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahangir.
1628: Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India.
1634: The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal).
1642. Shalimar Bagh was constructed by Shah Jehan.
1647: Construction of Taj Mahal in Agra.
1658: Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned .
1666: Death of Shahjahan.
1674: Construction of Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
1703: Shah Waliullah was born.
1707: Death of Aurangzeb.
1739: Nadir Shah invades India.
1757: Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in Bangal at the hands of Lord Clive.
1761: Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam-II becomes India’s emperor.
1763: Death of Shah Wali-ullah.
1764: Battle of Buxar was fought between Britishers and Mir Qasim.
1765: Clive appointed Company’s Governor in India.
1767-69: First Mysore War was fought.
1768: Haji Shariat UIIah the founder of Faraizi Movement was born.
1780-84: Second Mysore War was fought.
1784: Pitt’s India Act.
1786: Syed Ahmed Shaheed was born.
1790-92: Third Mysore War was fought between English men and Tipu Sultan.
1799: Fourth Mysore War — Death of Tipu Sultan.
1800: Sikhs conquered the Punjab.
1800: May. Fort William College established at Calcuta.
1817: Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was born.
1818: Syed Ahmad Shaheed wrote Sirat-i-Mustaqim.
1828: Fraizi Movement was started in Bengal.
1831: Syed Ahmad Shaheed was martyred at Balakot.
1832: Urdu declared as official language.
1839-42: First Afghan War.
1845-46: First Anglo-Sikh War.
1846: Sir Syed Ahmad Khan became Chief Judge.
1846: British Government sold Kashmir to Galab Singh.
1847: Sir Syed wrote his famous book `Asar as Sanadid’.
1848: Doctrine of Lapse under which adoption of son by rulers in the -absence of their natural heir was banned was introduced in Subcontinent.
1849: East India Company occupied Punjab.
1857: War of Independence was fought:
1858: The British ascended the Indian throne and the direct British rule was imposed on India
1858: British East India Company was abolished.
1859: Sir Syed Ahmed set up first school. at Muradabad.
1861: Indian Legislative Councils Act was introduced which envisaged association of Indians with the administration at higher level.
1861: Legislative Council Act, 1861 the first ever constitutional structure was formulated.
1864: Sir Syed set up a Scientific Society in Gazipur which translated the modern works from English to Urdu and Persian.
1867: Dar-ul-Uloorn-i-Deoband began functioning in a small mosque at Deoband.
1866: British Indian Association was founded by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
1867: Hindu-Urdu Controversy began when “Hindus demonstrated against Urdu and demanded its replacement with Hindi as official language in Banaras.
1869: Mahatma Gandhi was born.
1869: Sir Syed Ahmad’s journey to London with his son.
1870: Foundation of Society for the Educational Progress of Indian Muslims.
1870: Publication of Tahzih-ul-Akhlaq by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
1872: Foundation of Muhammadan College Committee,
1875: Sir Syed Ahmad Khan established M.A.O school at Aligarh
1876: 25th December-Quaid-i-Azam was born at Karachi
1877: M.A.O school was upgraded to the status of college and was inaugurated by Lord Lytton.
1877: National Muhammadan Association was founded by Syed Ameer Ali,
1877: 9th November Allama lqbal was born in Sialkot.
1878: Maulana Muhammad All Johar was born.
1883: Ilbert Bill was introduced to bring Indian and European- magistracy on equal footing.
1884: Anjuman-i-Hamayat-i-Islam was established in subcontinent.
1885: Foundation of Indian National Congress by A.O. Hume.
1888: British Govt. gave the title of “Sir” to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
1889: Ali Garh Trusty ship Bill was passed.
1892: Indian Council Act enlarged the Membership of the Central Legislative Council.
1894: Nadva-Tul-Ulema was established as a result of some religious minded Government servants, Sufis and Ulemas.
1897: 9th March. Syed Jamal-ud-Din Afghani died.
1897: Choudhry Rahmat Ali was born.
1898: Sir Syed died after rendering invaluable service to Muslims
1901: Death of Queen Victoria.
1901: Formation of new province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
1905: 16th October. First partition of Bangal under Lord Curzon.
1906: 1st October. The Muslim delegation comprising 35 Muslim leaders known as Simla Deputation called on the Viceroy.
1906: 30th December. Foundation of Muslim League at Dhaka.
1908: Sir Agha Khan became the first president of Muslim League.